Contraception

Notes: 
  • This session is directed to older girls who may be close to marrying age or are likely to be sexually active.
  • Goal Champions may want to have an adult from one of the partner NGOs present if they feel uncomfortable discussing this topic.
  • You only need to discuss the contraceptive methods that would be available to the girls. If possible, bring samples of each methods to the session. In the discussion about each of the methods, discuss both technical and cultural advantages and disadvantages for each method. See Handout 16 for different types of contraceptive methods.
Materials: 
  • Samples or Drawings of Contraceptives (see Handout 15)
  • Paper
  • Pencils and Pens
Time Required: 
One hour
Objective: 
  • To provide information on contraceptive methods.
  • To discuss male involvement in contraceptive use.
  • To provide criteria for using suitable contraception methods.
Instructions: 
  1. Divide the girls into six teams. Distribute the samples or drawings of methods and other specific information about each method to each of the teams:
    1. group 1: Hormonal Method
    2. group 2: Intrauterine Device (IUD)
    3. group 3: Barrier Methods
    4. group 4: Rhythm Methods
    5. group 5: Tubal Ligation and Vasectomy
    6. group 6: Emergency Contraception (‘morning-after pill’)
  2. Ask each group to try to answer the following questions about the methods they have received:
    1. How does this method prevent pregnancy?
    2. How is it used?
    3. What are the myths and facts about this method?
    4. What are its advantages?
    5. What are its disadvantages?
    6. What is the group’s opinion about this method?
  3. Ask them to use their creativity to prepare a presentation about their method. They can dramatize it, produce posters, a comic strip, a TV commercial, etc.
  4. Each group should then present their method in turn.
  5. Engage girls in a discussion using the questions to the right.
  6. To close the session, cover the following key issues:
    1. Depending on the young women’s need for additional information, discuss further each of the contraceptive methods and clear up any remaining doubts.
    2. Be sure to discuss the aspects related to female fertility and male fertility. This subject is important because it is known that women, particularly young women, often lack information about
    3. Discuss the difficulties that the girls identify in the use of some of these contraceptive methods and explore how they might negotiate contraceptive use with a partner. In addition, it is also necessary to discuss with the young women issues of access to services and to contraceptives.
    4. Explore the difficulties of access that they are faced with; if they know about health services and if there are obstacles and difficulties in using them.
    5. It may also be useful to consider the theme of privacy, and the right of an adolescent to use health services and seek contraceptives without being afraid that his/her parents will be notified.
    6. Finally, emphasize that contraception is a responsibility that should be shared. If neither of the partners want sexual intercourse to result in pregnancy, it is essential that both take precautions so that this does not happen.


 

Discussion Questions: 
  • Who has to think about contraception, the man or the woman? Why?
  • Who has to talk about it, the man or the woman? Why?
  • How do you imagine this conversation would go?
  • What are the most recommended contraceptive methods for adolescents?
  • How should the couple choose the contraceptive method they are to use?
  • What are the main precautions that should be used with condoms?
  • What is the only method that prevents pregnancy and protects against sexually transmissible infections and AIDS?
  •  If you forget to use a condom, or if the condom breaks, what can you do?